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Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior

Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior PDF Author: Robert J. Richards
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022614951X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 718

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Book Description
With insight and wit, Robert J. Richards focuses on the development of evolutionary theories of mind and behavior from their first distinct appearance in the eighteenth century to their controversial state today. Particularly important in the nineteenth century were Charles Darwin's ideas about instinct, reason, and morality, which Richards considers against the background of Darwin's personality, training, scientific and cultural concerns, and intellectual community. Many critics have argued that the Darwinian revolution stripped nature of moral purpose and ethically neutered the human animal. Richards contends, however, that Darwin, Herbert Spencer, and their disciples attempted to reanimate moral life, believing that the evolutionary process gave heart to unselfish, altruistic behavior. "Richards's book is now the obvious introduction to the history of ideas about mind and behavior in the nineteenth century."—Mark Ridley, Times Literary Supplement "Not since the publication of Michael Ghiselin's The Triumph of the Darwinian Method has there been such an ambitious, challenging, and methodologically self-conscious interpretation of the rise and development and evolutionary theories and Darwin's role therein."—John C. Greene, Science "His book . . . triumphantly achieves the goal of all great scholarship: it not only informs us, but shows us why becoming thus informed is essential to understanding our own issues and projects."—Daniel C. Dennett, Philosophy of Science

Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior

Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior PDF Author: Robert J. Richards
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022614951X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 718

View

Book Description
With insight and wit, Robert J. Richards focuses on the development of evolutionary theories of mind and behavior from their first distinct appearance in the eighteenth century to their controversial state today. Particularly important in the nineteenth century were Charles Darwin's ideas about instinct, reason, and morality, which Richards considers against the background of Darwin's personality, training, scientific and cultural concerns, and intellectual community. Many critics have argued that the Darwinian revolution stripped nature of moral purpose and ethically neutered the human animal. Richards contends, however, that Darwin, Herbert Spencer, and their disciples attempted to reanimate moral life, believing that the evolutionary process gave heart to unselfish, altruistic behavior. "Richards's book is now the obvious introduction to the history of ideas about mind and behavior in the nineteenth century."—Mark Ridley, Times Literary Supplement "Not since the publication of Michael Ghiselin's The Triumph of the Darwinian Method has there been such an ambitious, challenging, and methodologically self-conscious interpretation of the rise and development and evolutionary theories and Darwin's role therein."—John C. Greene, Science "His book . . . triumphantly achieves the goal of all great scholarship: it not only informs us, but shows us why becoming thus informed is essential to understanding our own issues and projects."—Daniel C. Dennett, Philosophy of Science

America's Darwin

America's Darwin PDF Author: Tina Gianquitto
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082034690X
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
While much has been written about the impact of Darwin's theories on U.S. culture, and countless scholarly collections have been devoted to the science of evolution, few have addressed the specific details of Darwin's theories as a cultural force affecting U.S. writers. America's Darwin fills this gap and features a range of critical approaches that examine U.S. textual responses to Darwin's works. The scholars in this collection represent a range of disciplines--literature, history of science, women's studies, geology, biology, entomology, and anthropology. All pay close attention to the specific forms that Darwinian evolution took in the United States, engaging not only with Darwin's most famous works, such as On the Origin of Species, but also with less familiar works, such as The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Each contributor considers distinctive social, cultural, and intellectual conditions that affected the reception and dissemination of evolutionary thought, from before the publication of On the Origin of Species to the early years of the twenty-first century. These essays engage with the specific details and language of a wide selection of Darwin's texts, treating his writings as primary sources essential to comprehending the impact of Darwinian language on American writers and thinkers. This careful engagement with the texts of evolution enables us to see the broad points of its acceptance and adoption in the American scene; this approach also highlights the ways in which writers, reformers, and others reconfigured Darwinian language to suit their individual purposes. America's Darwin demonstrates the many ways in which writers and others fit themselves to a narrative of evolution whose dominant motifs are contingency and uncertainty. Collectively, the authors make the compelling case that the interpretation of evolutionary theory in the U.S. has always shifted in relation to prevailing cultural anxieties.

Darwin’s Resolution: Evolution or Creation

Darwin’s Resolution: Evolution or Creation PDF Author: Ernest L. Brannon
Publisher: WestBow Press
ISBN: 1973653249
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
There are two worldviews about the source of life’s diversity. Creation implies a Creator as the intelligent cause, and evolution purports a material cause. So how can we resolve this complex issue? In a thought-provoking discourse on the reconciliation of the controversy between evolution and Creation, Dr. Ernest Brannon, retired biology professor and director of the Sciphre Institute, presents both sides of the issue to provide a fair assessment for those challenged by life’s origin and diversity. Within his treatise, Dr. Brannon summarizes information on the two worldviews about the diversity of life in order to demonstrate where there is common ground and to differentiate between the evidence and speculation between certainty and assumption. He also addresses reformation of the two worldviews, examines the scientific credibility of the Genesis account of Creation, and concludes with the essence of resolution. Darwin’s Resolution: Evolution or Creation is an engaging treatise committed to reconciling the concept of evolution with faith in God through a comprehensive examination of scientific evidence.

Darwin's Finches

Darwin's Finches PDF Author: Kathleen Donohue
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226157717
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 492

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Book Description
Two species come to mind when one thinks of the Galapagos Islands—the giant tortoises and Darwin’s fabled finches. While not as immediately captivating as the tortoises, these little brown songbirds and their beaks have become one of the most familiar and charismatic research systems in biology, providing generations of natural historians and scientists a lens through which to view the evolutionary process and its role in morphological differentiation. In Darwin’s Finches, Kathleen Donohue excerpts and collects the most illuminating and scientifically significant writings on the finches of the Galapagos to teach the fundamental principles of evolutionary theory and to provide a historical record of scientific debate. Beginning with fragments of Darwin’s Galapagos field notes and subsequent correspondence, and moving through the writings of such famed field biologists as David Lack and Peter and Rosemary Grant, the collection demonstrates how scientific processes have changed over time, how different branches of biology relate to one another, and how they all relate to evolution. As Donohue notes, practicing science today is like entering a conversation that has been in progress for a long, long time. Her book provides the history of that conversation and an invitation to join in. Students of both evolutionary biology and history of science will appreciate this compilation of historical and contemporary readings and will especially value Donohue’s enlightening commentary.

Darwin's Psychology

Darwin's Psychology PDF Author: Ben Bradley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198708211
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 407

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Book Description
This is the first book ever to examine the riches of what Darwin himself wrote about psychological matters. It unearths a Darwin new to science, whose first concern is the agency of organisms-from which he derives both his psychology, and his theory of evolution.

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin PDF Author: E. Janet Browne
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691026068
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 656

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Book Description
Chronicles the life of Charles Darwin from his birth in 1809 through his mid-life, discussing his childhood in England, early schooling, first discoveries, personal challenges, voyage on the Beagle, and the early foundations of his "Origin of Species"

James Vs Darwin

James Vs Darwin PDF Author: Frederick Bauer
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1440164495
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
James yearned to weave science and religion into a popular philosophy useful for the everyday life of everyday people of faith. He saw that many of them were defenseless in an increasingly agnostic, even atheistic culture. "Thousands of innocent magazine readers lie paralyzed and terrified in the network of shallow negations which the leaders of opinion have thrown over their souls," he wrote in 1882. To which he added, "If I, . . . like the mouse in the fable, have gnawed a few of the strings of the sophistical net that has been binding down [the human heart's] lion strength, I shall be more than rewarded for my pains." Were he to return, he would surely be even more unhappy with the leaders of opinion, but also with the responses of people of faith, who either seek refuge in untenable fundamentalist reliance on religious scriptures or else view science and religion as two wholly separate, independent spheres of knowledge. Building on three previous books about Jamess philosophy, as well as on three books about related topics, the present text will explain why no one professing to do science in this third millennium can ignore the psychology behind all discoveries.

The Comedian as the Letter D: Erasmus Darwin’s Comic Materialism

The Comedian as the Letter D: Erasmus Darwin’s Comic Materialism PDF Author: D.M. Hassler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401024618
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 99

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Book Description
The Child is father of the Man; And I could wish my days to be Bound each to each by natural piety. William Wordsworth, "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" Wallace Stevens said somewhere that the theory of poetry is the life of poetry.l Charles Darwin, who likes poetry, "recognized that at the eost of losing his appreciation of poetry and other things that delighted him in his youth, his mind had become a 'machine for grinding generallaws out of large colleetions of facts.' "2 Somewhere in between the polar positions of Stevens' extreme aesthetic belief and Darwin's extreme meehanistic belief lies the aesthetics of empirical thought and the whole modem Romantic tradition. There have been men in between who were both meehanists and poets, who both beIieved in automatic material meehanisms and tried to use the imagination. Erasmus Darwin was one of these "in between" figures. and since he lived early (1731-1802) in the modem scientific era he was one of the first. This older Darwin, the grandfather of Charles, has not been given due credit as a transitional figure in the development of the literature of our scientific era. Although historically and in terms of intelleetual stature the grandfather was a fanciful child compared to the giant grand soo, Erasmus Darwin's habits of thought anticipated one of the most distinguishing charaeteristics of his grandson. (The genetic suggestive.

Emotional Intelligence

Emotional Intelligence PDF Author: Robert J. Emmerling
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600218569
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Book Description
This book is designed to meet the growing need among researchers, graduate students, and professionals to look into the existing theoretical models as well as developing theories related to emotional intelligence. The primary aim of the book is to help readers get a view of current conceptualisations of emotional intelligence, while providing an opportunity to see how emotional intelligence has been interpreted and applied throughout the world. Psychological processes are expected to vary according to cultural meaning and practices. Recent studies indicate that emotional intelligence influences behaviour in a wide range of domains including school, community, and the workplace. At the individual level, it has been said to relate to academic achievement, work performance, our ability to communicate effectively, solve everyday problems, build meaningful interpersonal relationships, and even our ability to make moral decisions. Given that emotional intelligence has the potential to increase our understanding of ho

A Calendar of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821-1882

A Calendar of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821-1882 PDF Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521434232
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 762

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Book Description
Provides a complete listing of the known correspondence of Charles Darwin.