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Author: Gunther Schmidt Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 3642779689 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 301

Book Description
Relational methods can be found at various places in computer science, notably in data base theory, relational semantics of concurrency, relationaltype theory, analysis of rewriting systems, and modern programming language design. In addition, they appear in algorithms analysis and in the bulk of discrete mathematics taught to computer scientists. This book is devoted to the background of these methods. It explains how to use relational and graph-theoretic methods systematically in computer science. A powerful formal framework of relational algebra is developed with respect to applications to a diverse range of problem areas. Results are first motivated by practical examples, often visualized by both Boolean 0-1-matrices and graphs, and then derived algebraically.

Author: Gunther Schmidt Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 3642779689 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 301

Book Description
Relational methods can be found at various places in computer science, notably in data base theory, relational semantics of concurrency, relationaltype theory, analysis of rewriting systems, and modern programming language design. In addition, they appear in algorithms analysis and in the bulk of discrete mathematics taught to computer scientists. This book is devoted to the background of these methods. It explains how to use relational and graph-theoretic methods systematically in computer science. A powerful formal framework of relational algebra is developed with respect to applications to a diverse range of problem areas. Results are first motivated by practical examples, often visualized by both Boolean 0-1-matrices and graphs, and then derived algebraically.

Author: Mark Pankov Publisher: World Scientific ISBN: 9814651095 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 180

Book Description
This volume covers semilinear embeddings of vector spaces over division rings and the associated mappings of Grassmannians. In contrast to classical books, we consider a more general class of semilinear mappings and show that this class is important. A large portion of the material will be formulated in terms of graph theory, that is, Grassmann graphs, graph embeddings, and isometric embeddings. In addition, some relations to linear codes will be described. Graduate students and researchers will find this volume to be self-contained with many examples. Contents:Semilinear Mappings:Division Rings and Their HomomorphismsVector Spaces Over Division RingsSemilinear MappingsSemilinear EmbeddingsMappings of Grassmannians Induced by Semilinear EmbeddingsKreuzer's ExampleDualityCharacterization of Strong Semilinear EmbeddingsProjective Geometry and Linear Codes:Projective SpacesFundamental Theorem of Projective GeometryProof of Theorem 1.2m-independent Subsets in Projective SpacesPGL-subsetsGeneralized MacWilliams TheoremLinear CodesIsometric Embeddings of Grassmann Graphs:Graph TheoryElementary Properties of Grassmann GraphsEmbeddingsIsometric EmbeddingsProof of Theorem 3.1Equivalence of Isometric EmbeddingsLinearly Rigid Isometric EmbeddingsRemarks on Non-isometric EmbeddingsSome Results Related to Chow's TheoremHuang's TheoremJohnson Graph in Grassmann Graph:Johnson GraphIsometric Embeddings of Johnson Graphs in Grassmann GraphsProof of Theorem 4.2Classification Problem and Relations to Linear CodesCharacterizations of Apartments in Building GrassmanniansCharacterization of Isometric Embeddings:Main Result, Corollaries and RemarksCharacterization of DistanceConnectedness of the Apartment GraphIntersections of J(n, k)-subsets of Different TypesProof of Theorem 5.1Semilinear Mappings of Exterior Powers:Exterior PowersGrassmanniansGrassmann Codes Readership: Graduate students and researchers interested in the field of semilinear embeddings. Keywords:Semilinear Embedding;Grassmannian;Grassmann Graph;Linear Code

Author: Richard A. Brualdi Publisher: American Mathematical Soc. ISBN: 0821853155 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 110

Book Description
Graphs and matrices enjoy a fascinating and mutually beneficial relationship. This interplay has benefited both graph theory and linear algebra. In one direction, knowledge about one of the graphs that can be associated with a matrix can be used to illuminate matrix properties and to get better information about the matrix. Examples include the use of digraphs to obtain strong results on diagonal dominance and eigenvalue inclusion regions and the use of the Rado-Hall theorem to deduce properties of special classes of matrices. Going the other way, linear algebraic properties of one of the matrices associated with a graph can be used to obtain useful combinatorial information about the graph. The adjacency matrix and the Laplacian matrix are two well-known matrices associated to a graph, and their eigenvalues encode important information about the graph. Another important linear algebraic invariant associated with a graph is the Colin de Verdiere number, which, for instance, characterizes certain topological properties of the graph. This book is not a comprehensive study of graphs and matrices. The particular content of the lectures was chosen for its accessibility, beauty, and current relevance, and for the possibility of enticing the audience to want to learn more.

Author: Anne M. Collins, Ph.D. Publisher: Teacher Created Materials ISBN: 1480787280 Category : Languages : en Pages : 5

Book Description
Differentiate problem solving in your classroom using effective, research-based strategies. This lesson focuses on solving problems related to equivalent ratios and graphs. The problem-solving mini-lesson guides teachers in how to teach differentiated lessons. The student activity sheet features a problem tiered at three levels.

Author: Herbert Toth Publisher: World Scientific ISBN: 9811220360 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 573

Book Description
The book is intended as an invitation to the topic of relations on a rather general basis. It fills the gap between the basic knowledge offered in countless introductory papers and books (usually comprising orders and equivalences) and the highly specialized monographs on mainly relation algebras, many-valued (fuzzy) relations, or graphs. This is done not only by presenting theoretical results but also by giving hints to some of the many interesting application areas (also including their respective theoretical basics).This book is a new — and the first of its kind — compilation of known results on binary relations. It offers relational concepts in both reasonable depth and broadness, and also provides insight into the vast diversity of theoretical results as well as application possibilities beyond the commonly known examples.This book is unique by the spectrum of the topics it handles. As indicated in its title these are:

Author: Gottfried Tinhofer Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 3709190762 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 282

Book Description
One ofthe most important aspects in research fields where mathematics is "applied is the construction of a formal model of a real system. As for structural relations, graphs have turned out to provide the most appropriate tool for setting up the mathematical model. This is certainly one of the reasons for the rapid expansion in graph theory during the last decades. Furthermore, in recent years it also became clear that the two disciplines of graph theory and computer science have very much in common, and that each one has been capable of assisting significantly in the development of the other. On one hand, graph theorists have found that many of their problems can be solved by the use of com puting techniques, and on the other hand, computer scientists have realized that many of their concepts, with which they have to deal, may be conveniently expressed in the lan guage of graph theory, and that standard results in graph theory are often very relevant to the solution of problems concerning them. As a consequence, a tremendous number of publications has appeared, dealing with graphtheoretical problems from a computational point of view or treating computational problems using graph theoretical concepts.

Author: K. Erciyes Publisher: Springer Nature ISBN: 3030611159 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 345

Book Description
This textbook can serve as a comprehensive manual of discrete mathematics and graph theory for non-Computer Science majors; as a reference and study aid for professionals and researchers who have not taken any discrete math course before. It can also be used as a reference book for a course on Discrete Mathematics in Computer Science or Mathematics curricula. The study of discrete mathematics is one of the first courses on curricula in various disciplines such as Computer Science, Mathematics and Engineering education practices. Graphs are key data structures used to represent networks, chemical structures, games etc. and are increasingly used more in various applications such as bioinformatics and the Internet. Graph theory has gone through an unprecedented growth in the last few decades both in terms of theory and implementations; hence it deserves a thorough treatment which is not adequately found in any other contemporary books on discrete mathematics, whereas about 40% of this textbook is devoted to graph theory. The text follows an algorithmic approach for discrete mathematics and graph problems where applicable, to reinforce learning and to show how to implement the concepts in real-world applications.