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Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Federation of European Chemical Societies
Publisher: CRC PressI Llc
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 614

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Book Description
Reviews the current status of risk assessment procedures as they relate to the environment.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Federation of European Chemical Societies
Publisher: CRC PressI Llc
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 614

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Book Description
Reviews the current status of risk assessment procedures as they relate to the environment.

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals PDF Author: K. Asante-Duah
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402009216
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 372

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Book Description
In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Chemical Pollution - Contemporary Methodology

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Chemical Pollution - Contemporary Methodology PDF Author: Mahmoud A. Hassanien
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048123356
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 526

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Book Description
The book contains the contributions at the NATO Study Institute on Exposure and Risk Assessment of Chemical Pollution – Contemporary Methodology, which took place in Sofia – Borovetz, Bulgaria, July 1–10, 2008. Rapid advances in mathematics, computer science and molecular biology and chemistry have lead to the development in of a new branch of toxicology called Computational Toxicology. This emerging field is addressing the estimation and prediction of exposure risk and effects of chemicals based on experimental data, measured concentration and biological mechanisms and computational models of biological systems. Mathematical models are also being used to predict the fate and transport of substances in the environment. Because this area is still in its infancy, there has been limited application from governmental agencies to regulating controllable processes, such as registration of new chemicals, determination of estimated exposure and risk based limits and maximum acceptable concentrations in different compartments of the environment – ambient air, waters, soil and food products. However, this is soon to change as the ability to collect, analyze and interpret the required information is becoming increasingly more efficient and cost effective. Full implementation of the new processes have to involve education on both part of the experimentalists who are generating the data and the models, and the risk assessors who will use them to better protect human health and the environment.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals: An Introduction

Risk Assessment of Chemicals: An Introduction PDF Author: C.J. van Leeuwen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401585202
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 374

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Book Description
In recent years many developments have taken place in promote co-operation between governments and other the field of risk assessment of chemicals. Many reports parties involved in chemical safety and to provide policy have been published by national authorities, industries guidance with emphasis on regional and subregional co and scientific researchers as well as by international bod operation. The Inter-Organization Programme for the ies such as the European Union, the Organization of Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) was estab Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and lished in 1995 and provides a mechanism for the six par the joint International Programme on Chemical Safety ticipating organizations (UNEP, ILO, FAO, UNIDO,WHO (IPCS) of the World Health Organization (WHO), the and OECD) to better co-ordinate policies and activities in International Labour Organization (lLO), and the United the field of chemical risk management. Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The present book is an introduction to risk assessment of The development and international harmonization of risk chemicals. It contains basic background information on assessment methods is an important challenge. In sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on exposure estimation. It includes dose-effects estimation Environment and Development (UNCED), chapter 19 is for both human health related toxicology and ecotoxicol entirely devoted to the management of chemicals. For ogy as well as information on estimation methodologies. one of its recommendations, i. e.

Handbook of Chemical Risk Assessment

Handbook of Chemical Risk Assessment PDF Author: Ronald Eisler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420032741
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 426

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Book Description
Written over a period of 17 years, the Handbook of Chemical Risk Assessment exhaustively examines and analyzes the world literature on chemicals entering the environment from human activities. The three volumes cover chemicals recommended by environmental specialists of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and other resource managers. The choices were based on the real or potential impact of each contaminant and on the knowledge available about their mitigation. The information for each chemical includes source and use; physical, chemical, and metabolic properties; concentrations in field collections of abiotic materials and living organisms; deficiency effects; lethal and sublethal effects; and proposed regulatory criteria for the protection of human health and sensitive natural resources. Each chapter selectively reviews and synthesizes the technical literature on a specific priority contaminant and its effects on the environment. Successful risk assessment relies heavily on extensive and well-documented databases. They often include too much - or too little - information about too many chemicals. Of the hundreds of thousands of chemicals discharged into the environment, only a small number have sufficient information to attempt preliminary risk assessment. Sold only as a three volume set, the Handbook of Chemical Risk Assessment provides you with the exact amount of information you need in a single resource.

Risk Assessment and Risk Management

Risk Assessment and Risk Management PDF Author: Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854042401
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 186

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Book Description
Risk assessment is considered by many analysts to be an objective scientific tool. It is considered to be variously influenced by broader issues which in turn have important practical implications both for risk assessors and decision makers. Risk Assessment and Risk Management examines a range of practical applications of risk assessment methods and risk management procedures in the broad context of environmental science and technology. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, the articles cover a variety of areas, with reference to subjects as diverse as BSE, the use of risk assessment in government, using computer modelling as an aid to risk assessment in the case of accidental contamination of rivers and estuaries, quantitative cancer risk assessment related to carcinogens in the environment, landfilling of household wastes, environmental risk assessment and management of chemicals, and aquatic risk assessment and management of pesticides. This book provides a detailed and wide-ranging review of the many aspects of risk assessment and risk management which have excited so much debate and controversy in recent times. It will be essential reading for all those involved in the assessment and management of risk, particularly in the context of environmental science.

Health and Environmental Risk Analysis

Health and Environmental Risk Analysis PDF Author: Joseph F. Louvar
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 678

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Book Description
This is the first book to bring together comprehensive resources for understanding, eliminating and mitigating industrial risks, especially those associated with chemical production. A detailed understanding of risk analysis is essential in an era where governments and companies are increasingly aware of their health, safety and environmental responsibilities, yet resources are limited. This book covers all the fundamental concepts of risk analysis and ties them together with OSHA Process Safety Management and EPA Risk Management regulations. Using many examples and illustrations, it thoroughly reviews topics like: process descriptions, hazard identification, source models, fault tree analysis, consequence analysis, exposure assessment, and radiation risk assessment. There is also detailed coverage of the relationship between risk analysis and ISO 14000 standards. For: professional environmental safety, health and R&D professionals in government, communities, and chemical companies; or at storage and transportation facilities. Also for advanced students in risk analysis.

Principles for the Assessment of Risks to Human Health from Exposure to Chemicals

Principles for the Assessment of Risks to Human Health from Exposure to Chemicals PDF Author: United Nations Environment Programme
Publisher: Renouf Publishing Company Limited
ISBN: 9789241572101
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 110

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Book Description
A state-of-the-art review of methods and procedures for assessing the risks to human health posed by environmental chemicals. Addressed to regulatory authorities, risk managers and other decision-makers, the book aims to demystify the principles of risk assessment and thus encourage wider use of this powerful tool for protecting populations. Since the detection of chemical hazards may have socioeconomic and political consequences, the book gives particular attention to methods for the accurate identification of risks and determination of their severity. The book has four chapters covering each logical step in the process of risk assessment. The first, on hazard identification, explains how data on a chemical's toxicity and mode of action can be used to determine whether the chemical will cause adverse effects on health. The strengths and limitations of different types of data are discussed together with criteria commonly used to establish causality. Methods for assessing dose-response relationships are reviewed in chapter two, which explains how to characterize the relationship between the dose administered or received and the incidence of an adverse effect. Exposure assessment is covered in the next chapter, which describes methods for determining the nature and extent of contact with chemical substances and discusses the characteristics of exposure in the general environment, in the workplace, and from consumer products. The final chapter explains the procedure of risk characterization as a decision-making tool that brings together estimates of exposure levels and risks and summarizes sources of uncertainty in the scientific data. Practical options for risk management are presented as a range of regulatory, non-regulatory, economic, and technological measures.

Introduction to Chemical Exposure and Risk Assessment

Introduction to Chemical Exposure and Risk Assessment PDF Author: W.Brock Neely
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 042960565X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Introduction to Chemical Exposure and Risk Assessment focuses on the principles involved in assessing the risks from chemical exposure. These principles include the perception of risk, an understanding of how numbers are handled, and how chemicals affect health. The book briefly describes the major sinks, such as water and air, where chemicals are introduced. This is followed by a discussion on how concentrations are estimated and risk assessments are made. A discussion of risk benefit analysis and a presentation of several case studies using the principles for assessing risks are also included.

Risk Management of Chemicals

Risk Management of Chemicals PDF Author: Mervyn Richardson
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780851864679
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
This book is an authoritative work on the risk management of chemicals and fills an important gap in the market, which is devoid of works on the subject. It reviews the current status of risks entailed in the manufacture, handling, use and disposal of the chemicals on which we all depend and suggests future action for the protection of both the workplace and the natural environment. Risk Management of Chemicals has an international authorship and addresses international issues. It is the sequel to the RSC's publications `Toxic Hazard Assessment of Chemicals' and `Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment' and like those should find an important place as a key reference work. This book is a must for graduates, researchers, regulatory bodies, safety professionals, trade unions, politicians and anyone with an interest in this area.