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Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Federation of European Chemical Societies
Publisher: CRC PressI Llc
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 614

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Book Description
Reviews the current status of risk assessment procedures as they relate to the environment.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment

Risk Assessment of Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Federation of European Chemical Societies
Publisher: CRC PressI Llc
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 614

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Book Description
Reviews the current status of risk assessment procedures as they relate to the environment.

Transformation Products of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment

Transformation Products of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Alistair Boxall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540882723
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 257

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Book Description
When a synthetic chemical is released into the environment it may be degraded by abiotic and biotic processes. These degradation processes usually involve a cascade of reactions resulting in the formation of a number of transformation products. While we usually know a great deal about the environmental properties, fate and effects of parent synthetic chemicals, our understanding of the impacts of transformation products is much less developed. As such, this volume brings together chapters from leading researchers in the field of transformation products in the environment and describes how these products are formed, how they move through the environment, and their environmental effects. The book also presents modelling and analytical approaches for understanding the occurrence, fate and effects of transformation products in the environment. It is of interest to scientists in academia, the chemicals industry and regulators, as well as graduate students in Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology.

Organic Chemicals in the Environment

Organic Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Alasdair H. Neilson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439826374
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1051

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Book Description
Addressing the persistent environmental threat of organic chemicals with a fresh approach to degradation and transformation processes, Organic Chemicals in the Environment: Mechanisms of Degradation and Transformation, Second Edition examines a wide range of compounds as well as abiotic and microbiological reactions mediated by microorganisms. The book emphasizes the pathways used and the broad classes of enzymes involved. It provides an overview of experimental procedures with detailed coverage of the organic compounds that are considered to be xenobiotics. The book begins by providing a broad perspective on abiotic and biotic reactions, including the significance of a range of environmental determinants. The following chapters briefly introduce experimental procedures and emphasize those procedures for establishing the structure of metabolites using isotopes and physical methods. Next, the authors outline details of biochemical reactions involved in the biodegradation of the major groups of aliphatic, carbocyclic aromatic, and heterocyclic compounds. They end with coverage of bioremediation that has attracted increasing concern because of the hazard presented by the disposal of unwanted chemicals or by-products from their manufacture. Broad and comprehensive, this book provides a cohesive treatment of the subject. It contains an extensive set of literature references and numerous illustrative figures. The authors use a mechanistic approach with emphasis on the pathways, and the principles that emerge provide a guide not only for specific compounds but also for those having a more remote structural resemblance.

Fate of Pesticides and Chemicals in the Environment

Fate of Pesticides and Chemicals in the Environment PDF Author: Jerald L. Schnoor
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471502326
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 478

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Book Description
A result of important bilateral scientific agreements between the U.S. and the Soviet Union on the fate of chemicals and pesticides in the environment. Written by experts in both countries, it familiarizes the reader with recent state-of-the-art research being conducted in the areas of agricultural management and water pollution control. A number of models are provided to give the reader a concise grasp of exposure and ecological risk assessments involving these pollutants. Focuses on the necessity to improve our deteriorating standards of public health, environmental science and technology with a total systems approach through the pooled talents of scientists and engineers.

Chemistry of the Environment

Chemistry of the Environment PDF Author: E. N. Ramsden
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748724000
Category : Chemistry
Languages : en
Pages : 172

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Book Description
Written for students undertaking Environmental Chemistry options.Concise, student-friendly and well illustrated with diagrams, tables and charts.Equally suitable for use as stand-alone texts or as ancillary texts to any core chemistry text.

Chemistry of the Environment

Chemistry of the Environment PDF Author: David E. Newton
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438109741
Category : Chemistry
Languages : en
Pages : 241

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Book Description
Discusses current research and advances in the field of environmental chemistry, including atmospheric chemistry, the chemistry of water pollution, and green chemistry.

Principles of Environmental Chemistry

Principles of Environmental Chemistry PDF Author: Roy M. Harrison
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854043713
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376

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Book Description
Environmental chemistry is becoming increasingly important and is crucial in the understanding of a range of issues, ranging from climate change to local pollution problems. Principles of Environmental Chemistry draws upon sections of the authors' previous text (Understanding our Environment) and reflects the growing trend of a more sophisticated approach to teaching environmental science at university. This new, revised text book focuses on the chemistry involved in environmental problems. Written by leading experts in the field, the book provides an in depth introduction to the chemical processes influencing the atmosphere, freshwaters, salt waters and soils. Subsequent sections discuss the behaviour of organic chemicals in the environment and environmental transfer between compartments such as air, soil and water. Also included is a section on biogeochemical cycling, which is crucial in the understanding of the behaviour of chemicals in the environment. Complete with worked examples, the book is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate chemistry students studying environmental chemistry.

Children and Environmental Toxins

Children and Environmental Toxins PDF Author: Philip J. Landrigan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190662662
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
More than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during the last four decades. Today the World Health Organization attributes more than one-third of all childhood deaths to environmental causes, and as rates of childhood disease skyrocket -- autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and even birth defects -- it raises serious, difficult questions around how the chemical environment is impacting children's health. Children and Environmental Toxins: What Everyone Needs to Know® offers an accessible guide to understanding and identifying the potential sources of harm in a child's environment. Written by experts in pediatrics and environmental health and formatted in an easy to follow question-and-answer format, it offers parents, care providers, and activists a reliable introduction to a hotly debated topic. As the burdens of environmental toxins and disease continue to defy borders, this book provides a new benchmark to understanding the potential threats in our environment and food. No parent or care provider should be without it.

Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment

Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment PDF Author: Hideshige Takada
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319955683
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 315

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Book Description
This volume consists of 15 chapters and focuses on hazardous chemicals, how they are associated with plastics, and their environmental risks. It includes background information on plastics and additives chemistry, and their observed or potential effects on living organisms as well as the oceanographic aspects of marine debris dispersion. The respective chapters provide insights into the sorption/desorption of chemicals in and out of plastics, the mechanisms and kinetics, but also the scale of the concentrations of chemicals found in marine debris, particularly in microplastics. The occurrence of the various chemicals is analyzed, as well as the distribution profiles of the chemicals in microplastics throughout the world’s oceans. The implications of the fact that plastics carry within them several chemicals are discussed in detail. In closing, new research topics that warrant further attention are identified. The book will appeal to all scientists who are already working or interested in starting to work on the topic of marine debris, as well as policymakers, NGOs and the broader informed public.

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment PDF Author: Louis J. Thibodeaux
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420047566
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 631

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Book Description
A comprehensive account of the state of the science of environmental mass transportEdited by Louis J. Thibodeaux and Donald Mackay, renowned experts in this field, the Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment covers those processes which are critically important for assessing chemical fate, exposure, and risk. In a comprehensive and a