The National Biometrics Challenge

The National Biometrics Challenge PDF Author: National Science National Science and Technology Council
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781505263664
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 42

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Book Description
The NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics prepared and published the original National Biometrics Challenge in August 2006. That report identified key challenges in advancing biometrics development. It was based upon analysis of the unique attributes of biometrics, the market forces and societal issues driving implementation of biometrics and the advances required for next-generation capabilities. A further prioritization was done within the Subcommittee, and the top third of priorities received about 83 percent of Federal funding. During the last five years, evolving mission needs, coupled with advances in technology, have necessitated a new look at research, development, test and evaluation (RDT&E) priorities. This 2011 update to the Challenge examines the many advances made as government, academia and the private sector responded to the - challenge issued in 2006. It further delineates some of the complex issues that, five years later, have yet to be fully addressed. It acknowledges that the understanding of requirements has increased with experience while the advance of technology raises capabilities and expectations. Government and industry have a common challenge to provide robust identity management tools and to deploy those tools intelligently to meet national and international needs. Collaboration among the biometrics community - government, industry and academia - on these common challenges remains essential.

The National Biometrics Challenge

The National Biometrics Challenge PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 23

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Book Description
Government and industry have a common challenge in today's global society to provide more robust identity management tools, and identity governance principles on how to deploy these tools intelligently to meet national and international needs. Biometrics are the most definitive, real-time identity management tools currently available; however, use of the technology thus far has mainly consisted of systems designed to meet narrow objectives. To fully meet large-scale identity governance requirements, the use of biometrics technology must be made more robust, scalable and interoperable. Meeting these needs will require biometrics technology enhancements, adjustments of commercial business practices and system designs, and development of consensus on social, legal, privacy and policy considerations. Collaboration among the biometrics community government, industry and academia on these common challenges is essential. The NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics developed this report to describe the major challenges that must be addressed by the biometrics community. Working together to overcome these challenges, the community will meet evolving operational requirements while being supported by a robust biometrics industry. This report highlights appropriate future roles for the federal government in advancing biometrics development to meet the needs of both our Nation and the broader worldwide community.

Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications

Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications PDF Author: Els J. Kindt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400775229
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 975

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Book Description
This book discusses all critical privacy and data protection aspects of biometric systems from a legal perspective. It contains a systematic and complete analysis of the many issues raised by these systems based on examples worldwide and provides several recommendations for a transnational regulatory framework. An appropriate legal framework is in most countries not yet in place. Biometric systems use facial images, fingerprints, iris and/or voice in an automated way to identify or to verify (identity) claims of persons. The treatise which has an interdisciplinary approach starts with explaining the functioning of biometric systems in general terms for non-specialists. It continues with a description of the legal nature of biometric data and makes a comparison with DNA and biological material and the regulation thereof. After describing the risks, the work further reviews the opinions of data protection authorities in relation to biometric systems and current and future (EU) law. A detailed legal comparative analysis is made of the situation in Belgium, France and the Netherlands. The author concludes with an evaluation of the proportionality principle and the application of data protection law to biometric data processing operations, mainly in the private sector. Pleading for more safeguards in legislation, the author makes several suggestions for a regulatory framework aiming at reducing the risks of biometric systems. They include limitations to the collection and storage of biometric data as well as technical measures, which could influence the proportionality of the processing. The text is supported by several figures and tables providing a summary of particular points of the discussion. The book also uses the 2012 biometric vocabulary adopted by ISO and contains an extensive bibliography and literature sources.

The Current and Future Applications of Biometric Technologies

The Current and Future Applications of Biometric Technologies PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Research
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Biometric identification
Languages : en
Pages : 72

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Book Description


The New Media of Surveillance

The New Media of Surveillance PDF Author: Shoshana Magnet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317990390
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170

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Book Description
The spread of new surveillance technologies is an issue of major concern for democratic societies. More ubiquitous and sophisticated monitoring techniques raise profound questions for the very possibility of individual autonomy and democratic government. Innovations in surveillance systems require equally innovative approaches for analyzing their social and political implications, and the field of critical communication studies is uniquely equipped to provide fresh insights. This book brings together the work of a number of critical communication scholars who take innovative approaches to examining the surveillance dimensions of new media technologies. The essays included in this volume focus on interactive networks, computer generated imagery, biometrics, and intelligent transport systems as sites where communication and surveillance have become virtually inseparable social processes. This book was originally published as a special issue of The Communication Review.

Biometric Recognition

Biometric Recognition PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142075
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 182

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Book Description
Biometric recognition--the automated recognition of individuals based on their behavioral and biological characteristic--is promoted as a way to help identify terrorists, provide better control of access to physical facilities and financial accounts, and increase the efficiency of access to services and their utilization. Biometric recognition has been applied to identification of criminals, patient tracking in medical informatics, and the personalization of social services, among other things. In spite of substantial effort, however, there remain unresolved questions about the effectiveness and management of systems for biometric recognition, as well as the appropriateness and societal impact of their use. Moreover, the general public has been exposed to biometrics largely as high-technology gadgets in spy thrillers or as fear-instilling instruments of state or corporate surveillance in speculative fiction. Now, as biometric technologies appear poised for broader use, increased concerns about national security and the tracking of individuals as they cross borders have caused passports, visas, and border-crossing records to be linked to biometric data. A focus on fighting insurgencies and terrorism has led to the military deployment of biometric tools to enable recognition of individuals as friend or foe. Commercially, finger-imaging sensors, whose cost and physical size have been reduced, now appear on many laptop personal computers, handheld devices, mobile phones, and other consumer devices. Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities addresses the issues surrounding broader implementation of this technology, making two main points: first, biometric recognition systems are incredibly complex, and need to be addressed as such. Second, biometric recognition is an inherently probabilistic endeavor. Consequently, even when the technology and the system in which it is embedded are behaving as designed, there is inevitable uncertainty and risk of error. This book elaborates on these themes in detail to provide policy makers, developers, and researchers a comprehensive assessment of biometric recognition that examines current capabilities, future possibilities, and the role of government in technology and system development.

Biometrics in Identity Management

Biometrics in Identity Management PDF Author: Shimon K. Modi
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1608070182
Category : Biometric identification
Languages : en
Pages : 278

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Book Description
In todayOCOs digital infrastructure we have to interact with an increasing number of systems, both in the physical and virtual world. Identity management (IdM) -- the process of identifying an individual and controlling access to resources based on their associated privileges -- is becoming progressively complex. This has brought the spotlight on the importance of effective and efficient means of ascertaining an individualOCOs identity. Biometric technologies like fingerprint recognition, face recognition, iris recognition etc. have a long history of use in law enforcement applications and are now transitioning towards commercial applications like password replacements, ATM authentication and others.This unique book provides you with comprehensive coverage of commercially available biometric technologies, their underlying principles, operational challenges and benefits, and deployment considerations. It also offers a look at the future direction these technologies are taking. By focusing on factors that drive the practical implementation of biometric technologies, this book serves to bridge the gap between academic researchers and industry practitioners. This book focuses on design, development, and deployment issues related to biometric technologies, including operational challenges, integration strategies, technical evaluations of biometric systems, standardization and privacy preserving principles, and several open questions which need to be answered for successful deployments."

The GDPR Challenge

The GDPR Challenge PDF Author: Amie Taal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000373517
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Book Description
Consent is necessary for collecting, processing and transferring Personal Identifiable Information (PII) and sensitive personal data. But to what extent? What are the limitations and restricts to avoid penalties under The General Data Protection Regulation 2018 (GDPR) rules, which may be up to 4% of annual global turnover or €20 million (whichever is higher), enforcements and sanctions? Under GDPR Article 51, each EU Member State shall maintain an independent public authority to be responsible for monitoring the application of this regulation to protect the fundamental rights of data subjects (Supervisory Authority). The Supervisory Authority has powers to issue warnings, conduct audits, recommend remediation, order erasure of data and suspend data transfers to a third country. GDPR has changed the way data is used, accessed and stored. It's reach extends well beyond the European Union and is the basis of other data privacy laws around the world. This book provides a review and guidance on implementing and compliance of GDPR while taking advantage of technology innovations and supported by real-life examples. The book shows the wide scope of applications to protect data privacy while taking advantage of processes and techniques in various fields such as eDiscovery, Cyber Insurance, Virtual-based Intelligence, Information Security, Cyber Security, Information Governance, Blockchain and Biometric technologies and techniques.

Biometrics and Identity Management

Biometrics and Identity Management PDF Author: Ben Schouten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540899901
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 257

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Book Description
This volume constitutes the post-conference proceedings of the First European Workshop on Biometrics and Identity Management, BIOID 2008, held in Roskilde, Denmark, during May 7-9, 2008. The 23 regular papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. They cover the following topics: biometric data quality; biometrical templates - face recognition; biometrical templates -- other modalities; biometric attacks and countermeasures; biometric interfaces, and standards and privacy. These papers are presented together with 4 position papers by invited speakers on biometrics and identity management.

Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Privacy in the Age of Big Data PDF Author: Theresa Payton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442225467
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 276

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Book Description
Digital data collection and surveillance is pervasive and no one can protect your privacy without your help. Before you can help yourself, you need to understand the new technologies, what benefits they provide, and what trade-offs they require. Some of those trade-offs – privacy for convenience – could be softened by our own behavior or be reduced by legislation if we fight for it. This book analyzes why privacy is important to all of us, and it describes the technologies that place your privacy most at risk, starting with modern computing and the Internet.