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Applied Welfare Economics

Applied Welfare Economics PDF Author: Massimo Florio
Publisher: Routledge Advanced Texts in Economics and Finance
ISBN: 9781032022185
Category : Cost effectiveness
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
Applied Welfare Economics: Cost-Benefit Analysis for Project and Policy Evaluation presents a consistent framework for applied welfare economics and is grounded in a comprehensive theory of cost-benefit analysis, specifically focused on offering a practical approach to policy and project evaluation. After opening with a theoretical discussion of the concept of social welfare, a critical analysis of the traditional doctrine of welfare economics embodied in the Two Fundamental Theorems, and a presentation of social cost-benefit analysis, the book introduces readers to an applied framework. This includes the empirical estimation of shadow prices of goods, the social cost of labour and capital, and the assessment of risk. The book also examines real-life experiences with cost-benefit analysis, including ex-post evaluation of major projects, economic rates of return in different sectors, and a case study on privatisation. These chapters draw on first-hand research gained by the author team from years of advisory work for the European Commission and other international and national institutions. This second edition presents updated data, more international examples, and more coverage of topics such as very long run discounting effects and climate change as an intergenerational effect. It also includes more practical examples and end-of-chapter questions to aid student's learning. Applied Welfare Economics is a valuable textbook for upper-level courses on welfare economics, cost-benefit analysis, public policy analysis and related areas.

Applied Welfare Economics

Applied Welfare Economics PDF Author: Massimo Florio
Publisher: Routledge Advanced Texts in Economics and Finance
ISBN: 9781032022185
Category : Cost effectiveness
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
Applied Welfare Economics: Cost-Benefit Analysis for Project and Policy Evaluation presents a consistent framework for applied welfare economics and is grounded in a comprehensive theory of cost-benefit analysis, specifically focused on offering a practical approach to policy and project evaluation. After opening with a theoretical discussion of the concept of social welfare, a critical analysis of the traditional doctrine of welfare economics embodied in the Two Fundamental Theorems, and a presentation of social cost-benefit analysis, the book introduces readers to an applied framework. This includes the empirical estimation of shadow prices of goods, the social cost of labour and capital, and the assessment of risk. The book also examines real-life experiences with cost-benefit analysis, including ex-post evaluation of major projects, economic rates of return in different sectors, and a case study on privatisation. These chapters draw on first-hand research gained by the author team from years of advisory work for the European Commission and other international and national institutions. This second edition presents updated data, more international examples, and more coverage of topics such as very long run discounting effects and climate change as an intergenerational effect. It also includes more practical examples and end-of-chapter questions to aid student's learning. Applied Welfare Economics is a valuable textbook for upper-level courses on welfare economics, cost-benefit analysis, public policy analysis and related areas.

Applied Welfare Economics

Applied Welfare Economics PDF Author: Richard E. Just
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 767

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Book Description
Presents the key works that serve as a basis for applied welfare economic practices, the major papers that develop the methodology of applied economic welfare measurement and some of the exemplary applications in the fields of welfare work. This book is designed to provide students and scholars with a source useful in applied welfare economics.

Welfare Economics

Welfare Economics PDF Author: R. F. Boadway
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631133278
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
This clear and balanced introduction to welfare economics reflects the most recent advances in the field. Designed for third-year undergraduate and graduate courses, it offers an extensive treatment of both the theory of welfare economics and the techniques for applying that theory to real problems. The first part of the book presents a synthesis of the theory. Starting from the premise that the purpose of theory is to provide criteria for ordering alternative economic states, the authors analyse the relationship between individual and social orderings. They discuss the conditions of Pareto efficiency and optimality as well as the ways in which market economies may fail to achieve a Pareto optimal allocation of resources. They go on to evaluate the theory of social welfare functions, paying particular attention to recent developments. The second part of the book considers the principles of applied welfare economics. Developing the use of the compensating variation as their main tool, the authors discuss welfare change measurement in single-person and many-person economies. In the final chapter they survey the recent literature on cost-benefit analysis.

Applied Welfare Economics, Trade, and Agricultural Policy Analysis

Applied Welfare Economics, Trade, and Agricultural Policy Analysis PDF Author: G. Cornelis van Kooten
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487524099
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 327

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Book Description
This textbook integrates three related fields in economics, namely agricultural/forestry economics, environmental economics, and international trade, by foregrounding cost-benefit analysis as a significant policy tool. Exploring how welfare measures can be used in the analysis of agricultural, trade, and other economic policies, Applied Welfare Economics, Trade, and Agricultural Policy Analysis fills a gap in the literature on agricultural policy analysis by explaining the economic efficiency improvements and income transfers of various agricultural policy reforms in the United States, Canada, and the European Union. G. Cornelis van Kooten addresses methods of identifying and measuring economic surpluses (costs and benefits), the precautionary principle, identification of an appropriate discount rate, the importance of non-market values, and the role of agriculture in trade negotiations and climate change. Applied Welfare Economics, Trade, and Agricultural Policy Analysis draws on new research, brings attention to the existing literature, and includes review questions that challenge programming skills. The techniques developed in this text can be applied to the development and reform of agricultural policies in various regions in response to trade negotiations and many other situations involving government policy.

Applied Welfare Economics

Applied Welfare Economics PDF Author: Chris Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199281971
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 333

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Book Description
Applied Welfare Economics uses important results in the welfare economics literature to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. After reviewing the properties of different welfare measures a conventional welfare equation is used to evaluate marginal policy changes in a general equilibrium economy with tax distortions. The analysis is extended to accommodate trade and income taxes, time, internationally traded goods, and non-tax distortions, includingexternalities, non-competitive behaviour, public goods and price quantity controls. The welfare analysis is developed in stages, and where possible is explained using diagrams, to make it more adaptable to the different institutional arrangements encountered in applied work. With this in mind, computable welfareexpressions are solved using demand and supply elasticities for each good. The lump-sum transfers used in a conventional analysis to separate welfare effects are carefully examined to identify the role of the marginal social cost of public funds (MCF) in policy evaluation.The main contribution in the book is to separate income effects for marginal policy changes in the shadow value of government revenue,which converts efficiency effects into dollar changes in private surplus. It is a scaling coefficient that makes income effects irrelevant in single (aggregated) consumer economies, and conveniently isolates distributional effects in heterogeneous consumer economies. The decomposition is used to test for Pareto improvements, and to examine the separate but related roles of the shadow value of government revenue and the MCF in applied work.

Welfare Economics and Second-Best Theory

Welfare Economics and Second-Best Theory PDF Author: Richard S. Markovits
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030433609
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
This book examines the implications of The General Theory of Second Best for analyzing the economic efficiency of non-government conduct or government policies in an economically efficient way. It develops and legitimates an economically efficient economic-efficiency-analysis protocol with three unique characteristics: First, the protocol focuses separately on each of a wide variety of categories of economic inefficiency, many of which conventional analyses ignore. Second, it analyzes the impact of conduct or policies on each of these categories of economic inefficiency, primarily by predicting the respective conduct’s/policy’s impact on the distortion that the economy’s various Pareto imperfections generate in the profits yielded by the resource allocations associated with the individual categories of economic inefficiency—i.e., on the difference between their profitability and economic efficiency. And third, it is third-best—i.e., it instructs the analyst to execute a theoretical or empirical research project if and only if the economic-efficiency gains the project is expected to generate by increasing the accuracy of economic-efficiency conclusions exceed the predicted allocative cost of its execution and public financing. The book also uses the protocol to analyze the economic efficiency of specific policies so as to illustrate both how it differs from the protocols that most applied welfare economists continue to use and how its conclusions differ from those produced by standard analysis.

Applied Welfare Economics

Applied Welfare Economics PDF Author: Massimo Florio
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415858311
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 412

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Book Description
What is the effect of a new infrastructure on the well-being of a local community? Is a tax reform desirable? Does the privatization of a telecommunication provider increase social welfare? To answer these questions governments and their policy advisors should have in mind an operative definition of social welfare, and cannot rely on simple official statistics, such as GDP. The price we observe are often misleading as welfare signals, and costs and benefits for the society should be based on 'shadow prices', revealing the social opportunity costs of goods and of changes of the world. This book explains how to apply these welfare economics ideas to the real world. After a theoretical discussion of the concept of social welfare, a critical analysis of the traditional doctrine of welfare economics embodied in the Two Fundamental Theorems, and a presentation of social cost-benefit analysis, the book introduce the readers to an applied framework. This includes the empirical estimation of shadow prices of goods, of the social cost of labour and capital, the assessment of risk. This book also includes the state of the art of international experience with CBA, including ex-post evaluation of major projects, economic rates of return in different sectors, and a case study on privatisation, is presented. This book offers a unique and original blend of theory, empirics and experience. The theoretical discussion clarifies why shadow prices are not virtual market equilibrium prices, as they arise as the solution of a planning problem, often with governments and economic agents constrained in their information and powers. The empirical chapters show how to compute proxies of the shadow prices in simple ways. The experience chapters draw from first hand research, gained by the Author and his collaborators over many years of advisory work for the European Commission and other international and national institutions.

Applied Welfare Economics and Public Policy

Applied Welfare Economics and Public Policy PDF Author: Richard E. Just
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description


An Introduction to Modern Welfare Economics

An Introduction to Modern Welfare Economics PDF Author: Per-Olov Johansson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521356954
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description
This is the first book in welfare economics to be primarily intended for undergraduates and non-specialists. Concepts such as Pareto optimality in a market economy, the compensation criterion, and the social welfare function are explored in detail. Market failures are analysed by using different ways of measuring welfare changes. The book also examines public choice, and the issues of provision of public goods, median voter equilibrium, government failures, efficient and optimal taxation, and intergenerational equity. The three final chapters are devoted to applied welfare economics: methods for revealing people's preferences, cost-benefit analysis, and project evaluation in a risky world. The book is intended for introductory and intermediate courses in welfare economics, microeconomics, and public economics. It will also be suitable for courses in health economics, environmental economics, and cost-benefit analysis, as well as those undertaking project evaluations in government agencies and private firms.

Status, Growth and the Environment

Status, Growth and the Environment PDF Author: Kjell Arne Brekke
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Book Description
Economics has occasionally recognized, but usually ignored, the common sense truth that human well-being depends on many things other than absolute consumption of wealth. Key among these is the status gained from prosperity relative to others, which makes prosperity both a private benefit and a social cost. After carefully surveying social psychology and anthropology as well as economics, Brekke and Howarth conclude that at least a third of prosperity's effect on well-being comes from status. Armed with this number, they show how status effects dramatically alter the policy prescriptions of standard economic models of taxation, growth and the environment.