What Are Minerals?

What Are Minerals? PDF Author: Carla Mooney
Publisher: Encyclopaedia Britannica
ISBN: 1508100098
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 32

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Book Description
This book explores how minerals form, how scientists identify and classify them, where they can be found, and how they are mined from the earth. It also looks at how mineral substances from the earth shape the world we live in and are found in what we use in our daily lives, from household items and medicines to food and computers.

What Are Minerals?

What Are Minerals? PDF Author: Corona Brezina
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1538303035
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 34

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Book Description
Minerals are simple inorganic elements such as calcium and iron, which are essential components of a healthy diet. Minerals perform many functions, from serving as components of organs to helping regulate metabolism. Adequate mineral intake is particularly important for children's growth and development. This book explains how a range of key minerals are important to health. Young readers will learn about properties and appropriate amounts of various minerals as well as how they can be included in a nutritious, delicious diet.

What Are Minerals?

What Are Minerals? PDF Author: Kristen Rajczak Nelson
Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP
ISBN: 1482462435
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 32

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Book Description
"Minerals are an essential part of the Earth science curriculum since silicate minerals make up more than 90 percent of Earth's crust. In order to understand this fact, though, students need to know the difference between minerals and rocks, how minerals form, and how minerals are structured. This book breaks down these topics and more in simple, clear language ideal for struggling readers or those looking to review an important topic. Fact boxes elaborate on difficult concepts and define scientific terms, complementing the main content's curriculum focus and full-color photographs of common minerals."

Von den Steinen

Von den Steinen PDF Author: Theophrastus
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Dana's Minerals and How to Study Them (After Edward Salisbury Dana)

Dana's Minerals and How to Study Them (After Edward Salisbury Dana) PDF Author: Cornelius S. Hurlbut
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471156772
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 348

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Book Description
Demonstrates simple methods for identifying minerals, and describes their chemical and physical properties, occurrence, use, and history

The Complete Technology Book on Minerals & Mineral Processing

The Complete Technology Book on Minerals & Mineral Processing PDF Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
ISBN: 8178330164
Category : Minerals
Languages : en
Pages : 712

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Book Description
Mineral is defined as a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. By comparison, a rock is an aggregate of minerals and/or mineraloids and does not have a specific chemical composition. Mineral resources of India are sufficiently rich and varied to provide the country with strong industrial base. The country is particularly rich in metallic minerals of the ferrous group such as iron ores, manganese etc. It has the world largest reserves in mica and bauxite. In the field of extractive metallurgy, mineral processing, also known as mineral dressing or ore dressing, is the process of separating commercially valuable minerals from their ores. Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body; the term also includes the removal of soil. Materials recovered by mining include base metals, precious metals, iron, uranium, limestone, etc. There are three methods of mining; conventional or manual mining, semi mechanised mining and mechanised mining. Geopolymerisation is the processes which can transfer large scale alumina silicate wastes into value added geopolymeric products with sound mechanical strength and high acid, fire and bacterial resistance. One of many useful applications of geopolymerisation is the immobilization of heavy metals and radioactive elements. The production of non ferrous metals from natural mineral ores is, in general, highly energy intensive. Some of the non ferrous mineral sources are bauxite, granite, magnesite, limonite etc. Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Limestone processing includes several steps; primary crushing (jaw crusher, gyratory crusher, impact breaker), secondary crushing (cone crusher), fine grinding and pulverization, conveying, screening, washing, heavy media separation, optical mineral sorters, drying and storage. The non metallic mineral mining and quarrying industry segment covers a wide range of mineral extraction. Most of these minerals are found in abundance close to the surface, so underground mining is uncommon in this industry segment. Mineral resources of India are sufficiently rich and varied to provide the country with strong industrial base. The country is particularly rich in metallic minerals of the ferrous group such as iron ores, manganese etc. It has the world largest reserves in mica and bauxite. This book basically deals with methods of mining, mining machineries, geopolymerisation of mineral products and waste, industrial and scientific aspects of non ferrous metals production, processing of alumina rich Indian iron ore slimes, limestone processing, limestone exploration and extraction, the mineralogy of asbestos, the use of asbestos and asbestos free substitutes in buildings, flotation column ;a novel technique in mineral processing, applications of thermal plasma in the synthesis of covalent carbides, nitrogenous fertilizers, manufacture of ammonium bicarbonate etc. This book is designed to describe the details of mining and processing of different minerals like alumina rich iron ore slimes, conversion of waste to a high valued product, lime stone, asbestos, coal beneficiation, gravity concentration processes to recover values from coal and ore fines and many more. The book is meant for everyone who wants to study about the subject or wants to venture into the field of mineral processing.

Minerals

Minerals PDF Author: Sally M. Walker
Publisher: Lerner Publications
ISBN: 0822559463
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 50

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Book Description
Describes what minerals are and discusses different types, where they are found, and how they are used.

Physics of Minerals and Inorganic Materials

Physics of Minerals and Inorganic Materials PDF Author: A.S. Marfunin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642670466
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 342

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Book Description
The physics of minerals in a broad sense implies the fundamental aspects of understanding mineral matter: the electronic structure of atoms related to their behavior in geochemical processes; the atomic and electronic structures of minerals; the properties of minerals, with their genetic, geophysical, and technical significance, and their pressure and temperature dependence; the mechanisms of phenomena and reactions in mineral formation and transformation processes; the physical me thods applied in mineralogical, geochemical and petrological studies, and to a great extent in geological surveys and prospecting. In a narrower sense, it is a branch lying in the border area between mineralogy and solid-state physics, dealing with those aspects of mine ralogy which require, for their understanding and investigation, special knowledge in contemporary physics and chemistry of solids. The physics of minerals accounts for the third crucial change within this century in the conceptual foundations of mineralogy: after physi cochemical mineralogy, from experimental studies of phase relations to parage netic analyses, and crystal chemistry of minerals, there followed solid-state physics, which has evolved to its present state over the past 25 years. The task of mineralogy has expanded greatly. In addition to the identification and description of minerals, it is becoming necessary to establish the relationships between structure, composition and properties of minerals and their genesis, their distribution within geological regions, magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary formations and types of ore deposits. The development of new methods of investigation requires an understanding of the physical meaning of the parameters under evaluation.

Minerals

Minerals PDF Author: John P. Rafferty Associate Editor, Earth Sciences
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1615304894
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 358

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Book Description
Discusses minerals and the study of mineral structure, and includes information on the different mineral classifications, their native elements, their physical and chemical characteristics, and where they are located on Earth.

Rocks And Minerals

Rocks And Minerals PDF Author: Bold Kids
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781071711484
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
The term mineral is used to describe a solid chemical compound with a well-defined chemical composition and specific crystal structure. This solid material occurs naturally in pure form. It is the most common substance on earth and is often formed in rocks. Here are some facts about rocks and minerals. You may be surprised to know that you have been living on the same planet for most of your life! But do you know that there are so many different types of minerals? A rock is a solid, naturally-occurring substance composed of mineral-like substances. The specific type of minerals found in rocks depends on their composition. The most common rock on Earth is basalt, formed when lava cools rapidly. It makes up the Hawaiian Islands and much of the ocean floor. It is also found on Mars, Venus, and the Moon. The hardest natural substance on earth is diamond. Its trace elements of sulfur and carbon give it its color. There are more than 3,000 minerals found on Earth. So, what are these minerals and what do they look like?