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Author: S.L. Braunstein Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 9401512582 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 440

Book Description
Quantum information may sound like science fiction but is, in fact, an active and extremely promising area of research, with a big dream: to build a quantum computer capable of solving problems that a classical computer could not even begin to handle. Research in quantum information science is now at an advanced enough stage for this dream to be credible and well-worth pursuing. It is, at the same time, too early to predict how quantum computers will be built, and what potential technologies will eventually strike gold in their ability to manipulate and process quantum information. One direction that has reaped many successes in quantum information processing relies on continuous variables. This area is bustling with theoretical and experimental achievements, from continuous-variable teleportation, to in-principle demonstrations of universal computation and efficient error correction. Now the time has come to compile some of the major results into one volume. In this book the leading researchers of the field present up-to-date developments of continuous-variable quantum information. This book is organized to suit many reader levels with introductions to every topic and in-depth discussions of theoretical and experimental results.

Author: S.L. Braunstein Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 9401512582 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 440

Book Description
Quantum information may sound like science fiction but is, in fact, an active and extremely promising area of research, with a big dream: to build a quantum computer capable of solving problems that a classical computer could not even begin to handle. Research in quantum information science is now at an advanced enough stage for this dream to be credible and well-worth pursuing. It is, at the same time, too early to predict how quantum computers will be built, and what potential technologies will eventually strike gold in their ability to manipulate and process quantum information. One direction that has reaped many successes in quantum information processing relies on continuous variables. This area is bustling with theoretical and experimental achievements, from continuous-variable teleportation, to in-principle demonstrations of universal computation and efficient error correction. Now the time has come to compile some of the major results into one volume. In this book the leading researchers of the field present up-to-date developments of continuous-variable quantum information. This book is organized to suit many reader levels with introductions to every topic and in-depth discussions of theoretical and experimental results.

Author: N. J. Cerf Publisher: World Scientific ISBN: 1860948162 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 629

Book Description
Quantum information describes the new field which bridges quantum physics and information science. The quantum world allows for completely new architectures and protocols. While originally formulated in continuous quantum variables, the field worked almost exclusively with discrete variables, such as single photons and photon pairs. The renaissance of continuous variables came with European research consortia such as ACQUIRE (Advanced Coherent Quantum Information Research) in the late 1990s, and QUICOV (Quantum Information with Continuous Variables) from 2000OCo2003. The encouraging research results of QUICOV and the new conference series CVQIP (Continuous Variable Quantum Information Processing) triggered the idea for this book. This book presents the state of the art of quantum information with continuous quantum variables. The individual chapters discuss results achieved in QUICOV and presented at the first five CVQIP conferences from 2002OCo2006. Many world-leading scientists working on continuous variables outside Europe also contribute to the book.

Author: N. J. Cerf Publisher: ISBN: 9781860947766 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 604

Book Description
Quantum information describes the new field which bridges quantum physics and information science. The quantum world allows for completely new architectures and protocols. While originally formulated in continuous quantum variables, the field worked almost exclusively with discrete variables, such as single photons and photon pairs. The renaissance of continuous variables came with European research consortia such as ACQUIRE (Advanced Coherent Quantum Information Research) in the late 1990s, and QUICOV (Quantum Information with Continuous Variables) from 2000-2003. The encouraging research results of QUICOV and the new conference series CVQIP (Continuous Variable Quantum Information Processing) triggered the idea for this book. continuous quantum variables. The individual chapters discuss results achieved in QUICOV and presented at the first five CVQIP conferences from 2002-2006. Many world-leading scientists working on continuous variables outside Europe also contribute to the book.

Author: N J Cerf Publisher: World Scientific ISBN: 1908979364 Category : Languages : en Pages : 632

Book Description
Quantum information describes the new field which bridges quantum physics and information science. The quantum world allows for completely new architectures and protocols. While originally formulated in continuous quantum variables, the field worked almost exclusively with discrete variables, such as single photons and photon pairs. The renaissance of continuous variables came with European research consortia such as ACQUIRE (Advanced Coherent Quantum Information Research) in the late 1990s, and QUICOV (Quantum Information with Continuous Variables) from 2000–2003. The encouraging research results of QUICOV and the new conference series CVQIP (Continuous Variable Quantum Information Processing) triggered the idea for this book. This book presents the state of the art of quantum information with continuous quantum variables. The individual chapters discuss results achieved in QUICOV and presented at the first five CVQIP conferences from 2002-2006. Many world-leading scientists working on continuous variables outside Europe also contribute to the book. Contents: Bipartite and Multipartite Entanglement of Gaussian States (G Adesso & F Illuminati)Gaussian Quantum Channels (J Eisert & M M Wolf)Entanglement in Systems of Interacting Harmonic Oscillators (K M R Audenaert et al.)Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution (F Grosshans et al.)Gaussian Quantum Cellular Automata (O Krüger & R F Werner)Distillation of Continuous-Variable Entanglement (J Fiurášek et al.)Loophole-Free Test of Quantum Nonlocality with Continuous Variables of Light (R García-Patrón et al.)Homodyne Tomography and the Reconstruction of Quantum States of Light (G M D'Ariano et al.)Schrödinger Cat States for Quantum Information Processing (H Jeong & T C Ralph)Polarization Squeezing and Entanglement (N Korolkova)Type-II Optical Parametric Oscillator: A Versatile Source of Quantum Correlations and Entanglement (J Laurat et al.)Accessing the Phase Quadrature of Intense Non-Classical Light State (O Glöckl et al.)Experimental Polarization Squeezing and Continuous Variable Entanglement via the Optical Kerr Effect (V Josse et al.)High-Fidelity Quantum Teleportation and a Quantum Teleportation Network (N Takei et al.)Quantum State Sharing with Continuous Variables (T Tyc et al.)Experimental Quantum Cloning with Continuous Variables (U L Andersen et al.)Quantum Imaging Techniques for Improving Information Extraction from Images (C Fabre et al.)Squeezed Light for Gravitational Wave Detectors (R Schnabel)Continuous Variables for Single Photons (L Zhang et al.)Experimental Non-Gaussian Manipulation of Continuous Variables (J Wenger et al.)Continuous-Variable Quantum-State Tomography of Optical Fields and Photons (A I Lvovsky & M G Raymer)Gaussian Description of Continuous Measurements on Continuous Variable Quantum Systems (L B Madsen & K Mølmer)Quantum State Preparation of Spin Ensembles by Continuous Measurement and Feedback (R van Handel et al.)Real-Time Quantum Feedback Control with Cold Alkali Atoms (J M Geremia)Deterministic Quantum Interface Between Light and Atomic Ensembles (K Hammerer et al.)Long Distance Quantum Communication with Atomic Ensembles (C W Chou et al.)Decoherence and Decoherence Suppression in Ensemble-Based Quantum Memories for Photons (M Fleischhauer & C Mewes) Readership: Researchers and students specializing in quantum information systems described by continuous variables; as supporting material for advanced university courses in the field.

Author: Carlos Navarrete-Benlloch Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers ISBN: 1681744058 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 115

Book Description
Quantum information is an emerging field which has attracted a lot of attention in the last couple of decades. It is a broad subject which extends from the most applied questions (e.g. how to build quantum computers or secure cryptographic systems) to the most theoretical problems concerning the formalism and interpretation of quantum mechanics, its complexity, and its potential to go beyond classical physics. This book is an introduction to quantum information with special emphasis on continuous-variable systems (such as light) which can be described as collections of harmonic oscillators. It covers a selection of basic concepts, focusing on their physical meaning and mathematical treatment. It starts from the very first principles of quantum mechanics, and builds up the concepts and techniques following a logical progression. This is an excellent reference for students with a full semester of standard quantum mechanics and researchers in closely related fields.

Author: Takaya Matsuura Publisher: Springer Nature ISBN: 9811982880 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 172

Book Description
The book provides theoretical methods of connecting discrete-variable quantum information processing to continuous-variable one. It covers the two major fields of quantum information processing, quantum communication and quantum computation, leading to achievement of a long-sought full security of continuous-variable quantum key distribution (QKD) and proposal of a resource-efficient method for optical quantum computing. Firstly, the book provides a security of continuous-variable QKD against arbitrary attacks under a realistic condition such as finite communication rounds and the use of digitized information processing. The book also provides the unified view for conventionally used approximate Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill (GKP) codes, which encodes qudits on a continuous-variable system, enabling direct comparison between researches based on different approximations. The book finally proposes a resource-efficient method to realize the universal optical quantum computation using the GKP code via the direct preparation of the GKP magic state instead of GKP Pauli states. Feasibility of the proposed protocol is discussed based on the existing experimental proposals for the GKP state preparation.

Author: Alessio Serafini Publisher: CRC Press ISBN: 1351645005 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 216

Book Description
Quantum Continuous Variables introduces the theory of continuous variable quantum systems, from its foundations based on the framework of Gaussian states to modern developments, including its applications to quantum information and forthcoming quantum technologies. This new book addresses the theory of Gaussian states, operations, and dynamics in great depth and breadth, through a novel approach that embraces both the Hilbert space and phase descriptions. The volume includes coverage of entanglement theory and quantum information protocols, and their connection with relevant experimental set-ups. General techniques for non-Gaussian manipulations also emerge as the treatment unfolds, and are demonstrated with specific case studies. This book will be of interest to graduate students looking to familiarise themselves with the field, in addition to experienced researchers eager to enhance their understanding of its theoretical methods. It will also appeal to experimentalists searching for a rigorous but accessible treatment of the theory in the area.

Author: Hendrik B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge Publisher: ISBN: Category : Languages : en Pages :

Book Description
Quantum optics is central to emerging quantum technologies such as quantum metrology and quantum information. The continuous variable (CV) approach to encoding information in a physical system, for example the electromagnetic field quadratures has significant advantages over discrete variables (DV) encoding. CV offers higher density encoding in a single optical state and on-demand state preparation for example. However, techniques for CV preparation, manipulation and measurement are not as well developed as the corresponding DV approach. In this thesis we present methods to characterize quantum detectors that operate in the CV regime, and discuss their application to CV state preparation. A quantum detector is described by its positive operator valued measure (POVM) set, with one operator for each measurement outcome. We present an experimental scheme for detector tomography, that is reconstruction of the POVM set of an unknown detector by means of measurement outcomes for a set of tomographically complete input states. We use this scheme to experimentally determine the POVM set of an avalanche photodiode (APD) and a time-multiplexed-detector (TMD) and compare the results to models of the detectors. We introduce a weak-homodyne photon-number-resolving detector (PNRD) , which uses a weak local oscillator beam to set a phase reference for the detection process. We develop a theoretical description of the sensitivity regimes for this detector using the Wigner phase space picture. We also present experimental detector tomography for a weak-homodyne detector based on two APDs. In many cases it is sufficient to calibrate the efficiencies of previously characterized PNRDs. We experimentally demonstrate a scheme using correlated photons produced by spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) to determine the efficiencies of PNRDs, based on the photon number statistics of the source. The same SPDC source is also used to demonstrate preparation of photonic states in the photon number basis and for a first proof-of-principle experiment with a weak-homodyne PNRD based on a TMD.