Setting Priorities for HIV/AIDS Interventions

Setting Priorities for HIV/AIDS Interventions PDF Author: Robert J. Brent
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 184980513X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 239

Book Description
Professor Brent s book is a superlative addition to the HIV/AIDS policy literature. Both non-specialists and specialists in policy evaluation will benefit from the lucid exposition of cost benefit analysis (CBA) methods applied to the most critical and far-reaching problem that challenges social institutions and individual behavior. Essentially, Professor Brent has taken his vast experience in cost benefit analysis, and on the ground African research, to apply CBA in a compelling and insightful manner. This book re-examines HIV/AIDS policy in Sub-Saharan countries where the devastation is an infection tsunami. . . Finding what actually works may be difficult, but Professor Brent argues persuasively that using a CBA framework is the best approach. William S. Cartwright, George Mason University, US HIV/AIDS is much too complex a phenomenon to be understood only by reference to common sense and ethical codes. This book presents the cost benefit analysis (CBA) framework in a well-researched and accessible manner to ensure that the most important considerations are recognized and incorporated. This book argues that HIV/AIDS policies need to be evidence based and that CBA is the best way to assemble and summarize the evidence. The work explains why CBA is needed and highlights a number of myths, misinformation and counterintuitive results in the field, and critiques the Millennium Development Goals approach. It also presents HIV/AIDS as a hunger issue in sub-Saharan Africa and as a sexual transmission problem in the US. The roles of nutrition, income, education, religion, agricultural policy, concurrency and sexual networks are all examined. Robert Brent explains the main cost benefit methods and applications, including threshold analysis, willingness to pay, cost minimization, cost-effectiveness, human capital theory and the value of a statistical life. Applications cover female education, possible vaccines, condoms, and various forms of treatment. He concludes by explaining how CBA incorporates social considerations such as equity. With timely and controversial discussions, this book will be read with interest by AIDS activists, NGO members, policy-makers and public officials, as well as being accessible to non-economists interested in the subject of HIV/AIDS.

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries PDF Author: Dean T. Jamison
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821361805
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1449

Book Description
Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309090180
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 369

Book Description
The AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa continues to affect all facets of life throughout the subcontinent. Deaths related to AIDS have driven down the life expectancy rate of residents in Zambia, Kenya, and Uganda with far-reaching implications. This book details the current state of the AIDS epidemic in Africa and what is known about the behaviors that contribute to the transmission of the HIV infection. It lays out what research is needed and what is necessary to design more effective prevention programs.

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 6)

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 6) PDF Author: King K. Holmes
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464805253
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 506

Book Description
Infectious diseases are the leading cause of death globally, particularly among children and young adults. The spread of new pathogens and the threat of antimicrobial resistance pose particular challenges in combating these diseases. Major Infectious Diseases identifies feasible, cost-effective packages of interventions and strategies across delivery platforms to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis, malaria, adult febrile illness, viral hepatitis, and neglected tropical diseases. The volume emphasizes the need to effectively address emerging antimicrobial resistance, strengthen health systems, and increase access to care. The attainable goals are to reduce incidence, develop innovative approaches, and optimize existing tools in resource-constrained settings.

Combating HIV/AIDS in Kenya

Combating HIV/AIDS in Kenya PDF Author: Christopher H. Onyango
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : AIDS (Disease)
Languages : en
Pages : 66

Book Description


Preparing for the Future of HIV/AIDS in Africa

Preparing for the Future of HIV/AIDS in Africa PDF Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309212073
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 228

Book Description
HIV/AIDS is a catastrophe globally but nowhere more so than in sub-Saharan Africa, which in 2008 accounted for 67 percent of cases worldwide and 91 percent of new infections. The Institute of Medicine recommends that the United States and African nations move toward a strategy of shared responsibility such that these nations are empowered to take ownership of their HIV/AIDS problem and work to solve it.

Towards universal access : progress report, April 2007 : scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector

Towards universal access : progress report, April 2007 : scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector PDF Author: World Health Organization
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789241595391
Category : HIV infections
Languages : en
Pages : 88

Book Description


Setting HIV Prevention Priorities

Setting HIV Prevention Priorities PDF Author: Centers on Centers on AIDS and Community Health
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781499359510
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 0

Book Description
Successful decision making in HIV prevention starts with setting priorities. Priority setting is complex and may be controversial. It's also crucial, for it determines how the health department spends limited resources for HIV prevention.

Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention

Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention PDF Author: Richard A. Crosby
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190930802
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 384

Book Description
A COMPREHENSIVE NEW REFERENCE WORK ON STRUCTURAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTING HIV Structural interventions -- changes to environment aimed at influencing health behaviors -- are the most universal and cost-effective tool in preventing new incidences of HIV. They are not easy to get right, however. Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention offers an authoritative reference for both understanding these programs and instituting them to greatest effect. Whether through changes to policy, environment, social/community norms, or a combination of each, this volume offers actionable and attainable blueprints to creating and evaluating programs in any setting or country. It is an essential resource for researchers and practitioners in the continuing fights against HIV.

Towards Universal Access

Towards Universal Access PDF Author: World Health Organization
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : HIV infections
Languages : en
Pages : 162

Book Description